Daily World News Digest, 26 September 2017

EU’s migration strategy challenged

In an editorial published on Monday, the New York Times questions the European Union’s strategy for preventing Mediterranean migration by strengthening Libya’s coast guard, striking deals with tribesmen who control Libya’s southern border, persuading clan-based militias to prevent boats from leaving Libya and promising Libyan mayors sources of revenue to replace profits stemming from trafficking. As a result, “the Top of FormBottom of Formflow of migrants crossing the Mediterranean was 85 percent less last month than in the previous August,” but the NYT warns “This is a dangerous gambit. It risks funneling new money for arms to rival factions in Libya. And it puts Italy, and Europe, in the role of hiring as gatekeepers the very people who profit from extorting, starving, selling into slavery, torturing and raping migrants.” http://nyti.ms/2fnmRDH

General accused of war crimes in Libya courted by west

Ex-CIA asset Khalifa Haftar ordered soldiers in Libya to kill prisoners, according to legal experts. The two experts said that newly unearthed video evidence suggests that Haftar has been complicit in calling for extrajudicial killings and the unlawful siege of the eastern port city of Derna. Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf al-Werfalli, a member of Haftar’s Libyan National Army has an arrest warrant by the ICC accused of executing prisoners himself, as well as commanding others to carry out extrajudicial killings. http://bit.ly/2y44XBh

 Pakistan parliamentarians war of missing persons crisis

Members of a parliamentary panel in Pakistan and the National Commission on Human Rights on Monday expressed exasperation and serious concern over the increase in the cases of enforced disappearances across the country. Panel chair Nasreen Jalil said “the establishment” was involved in enforced disappearances which had traumatized thousands of families.  She said lives of the people associated with the missing persons were completely shattered when they received dead and tortured corpses of their loved ones. She said the security institutions were not abiding by the law. “They [missing persons] are not even presented for legal procedure but only dead bodies are received by their families,” Jalil said. http://bit.ly/2hsORu8

Children exhumed from Bosnia clandestine graves

A total of 456 of the 25,500 people exhumed from war graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina so far were aged 17 and under, the country’s Missing Persons Institute has announced. Among them were nine babies who were less than a year old at the time they died. MPI investigator Sadik Selimovic said the Suha mass grave in the Bratunac area, from which 38 victims were exhumed, mostly women and children, was one of the most difficult that the organization has worked on. “We found a mother and her two children in a black bag, as well as many little children and Zekira Begic, who was in the ninth month of pregnancy. Working on that grave has upset my health, because all that has affected me deeply,” Selimovic said. http://bit.ly/2xFncMj

 Amnesty urged to identify Nigerian mass grave

Nigeria’s Presidential panel to review compliance of the armed forces with human rights obligations has asked Amnesty International to identity the mass grave where it accused the Nigerian military of burying the remains of victims of alleged human rights abuse. Panel member Professor Hauwal Ibrahim said the panel had met with most victims of the reported military operations, adding that none of them could point at any mass grave where the dead were interred. She said the panel visited the military cemetery in Maiduguri, Borno State, in search of the mass grave, but could not trace it, stressing that Amnesty could help with information that would assist the committee with its recommendations. http://bit.ly/2y53OcT

UN: Russia committing “grave human rights violations” in Crimea

Agents of the Russian state have committed serious human rights abuses, including torture, since Russia occupied and seized control of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula, a UN human rights report says. The report documented grave human rights violations, such as arbitrary arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, ill-treatment and torture, and at least one extra-judicial execution. People without Russian citizenship who hold a residency permit in Crimea are now “deprived of important rights” and “do not enjoy equality before the law,” the report states. http://bit.ly/2jZ30Qs

Items in Daily World News Digest are summaries of published reports relevant to the issue of missing persons, compiled by ICMP staff. These items do not necessarily reflect the position of ICMP.