Ambassador Rolf Ekéus was born in 1935 and has had a distinguished career in international diplomacy, with a strong focus on arms control, disarmament, and conflict prevention. He represented Sweden for many years in a number of diplomatic posts, including Ambassador to the United States from 1997-2000. From 1978 to 1983, Ambassador Ekéus was the Swedish representative to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, and was, from 1991 to 1997, Executive Chairman of the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM), the UN body charged with overseeing Iraqi disarmament. Currently, Ambassador Ekéus is Chairman of the Board of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and has served as the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Ambassador Ekéus has been an ICMP Commissioner since April 2005.